To coincide with the UN climate action summit in New York and to mark the tenth annual World Green Building Week beginning on 23 September 2019, the World Green Building Council has set out a radical vision for how buildings and infrastructure across the globe can reach 40% fewer embodied carbon emissions by 2030, and achieve 100% net zero buildings by 2050.
Buildings and infrastructure together account for 39% of total carbon emissions globally (when upstream power generation is included), with operational emissions from energy used to heat, cool and light buildings responsible for 28%. The remaining 11% stems from embodied carbon, the emissions associated with construction materials and processes throughout the entire lifecycle of a building.
For too long the emissions conversation has focused on operational carbon at the expense of embodied carbon. Yet while operational carbon is emitted over many years, most embodied carbon is released before a building comes into use and is therefore consuming our carbon budget now! Our vision for fully decarbonising the sector requires the elimination of both operational and embodied carbon emissions.
That is why, in collaboration with our network of Green Building Councils and our community of forward-looking industry partners, we are launching this groundbreaking report that aims to put embodied carbon firmly in focus within a whole lifecycle, whole value chain approach to achieving net zero carbon across the building and construction sector.
Stimulating market demand
Published under our global Advancing Net Zero programme, the report, Bringing embodied carbon upfront, describes practical, coordinated actions our sector can take to tackle embodied carbon today and tomorrow. The report sets out to:
We view our report as crucial to sparking a conversation around the value and importance of embodied carbon, with the aim of stimulating market demand for low and zero embodied carbon products and solutions. We need to increase transparency and improve verification in respect of embodied carbon emissions reductions.
Actions described support the ambition of the Paris climate agreement to limit global temperature rise to below 1.5ºC. They also acknowledge the stark assessment by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in its 2018 special report, of the catastrophic increase in adverse impacts associated with 2ºC of warming.
Enabling market transformation
WorldGBC’s transforming vision is endorsed by leading developers and construction companies, financial institutions, cities and city networks, and governments, as well as influential actors drawn from across the concrete, steel and timber industries worldwide.
Our embodied carbon report describes a clear pathway of actions that designers, investors, manufacturers, government, NGOs and researchers across the whole value chain can take to accelerate decarbonisation, to address current market barriers, and to help bring novel low carbon solutions to market.
But it is clear from our research that change will not happen unless there is a radical shift in how industry works together to enable a market transformation.
The transition towards mainstream net zero carbon standards requires immediate action to drive up awareness. It also requires innovation, improved processes for the calculation, tracking and reporting of embodied carbon, voluntary reduction targets from industry, and the roll-out of new legislation at city, national and regional level.
Approaches such as maximising the use of existing assets, promoting renovation over demolition, and seeking new circular business models that reduce reliance on carbon intensive raw materials are also needed. To accelerate cross-sector collaboration, WorldGBC is calling for new national and sectoral roadmaps to be developed, such as those already produced in Australia, Finland, Norway and Sweden, with strong support from industry and policymakers.
Market leadership and best practice
To demonstrate the feasibility of reaching net zero carbon goals, the report includes case studies of existing best practice across the construction industry. Businesses involved in design and delivery have already committed to ambitious individual or national decarbonisation strategies.
For example, Skanska, a development and construction group, is taking strides in enabling projects to be evaluated for full lifecycle impacts.
Materials suppliers are also assuming a leadership role. HeidelbergCement has committed to developing carbon neutral products by 2050 and Dalmia Bharat Cement, one of India’s leading manufacturers, is committed to becoming a carbon negative group by 2040. SSAB, a steel company with plants in Scandinavia and the US, is investing in new hydrogen-based steel making, aiming to be fossil-free by 2045.
Cities have also been instrumental in pushing for innovative approaches. Oslo, Norway has a commitment to fossil-free construction sites. Vancouver, Canada has mandated that embodied carbon be reduced in new buildings by 40% by 2030 as part of its climate emergency response, demonstrating the type of regulatory framework that can drive market change.
Against this encouraging backdrop, our report issues a call to action and a rallying cry for others to join us. Only by envisioning and demanding action from organisations on both the demand and supply-side will we transform our sector from a major contributor to the climate crisis into a leading part of the solution.
With the support of our global networks and the endorsements we have already received for our new report, we are confident we can stimulate market demand and facilitate radical whole value chain collaboration that will be truly transformative and benefit both people and planet.
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